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Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 30 September 2011 08:33

Other important legal concepts (personal rights) in the Constitution

Trial by Jury of Peers

Due Process- Government must respect all the rights owed to a person under the Law.  (Progressive interpretation has turned Due Process into "Substantive Due process" which means Judges have the power to define what the legal rights are as they see fit.)

Habeas Corpus- (Latin for "you have the body") The right of every prisoner to challenge the terms of his or her incarceration.  This right protects someone from being arrested and detained in jail without a charge. The person's lawyer can petition the Court for a "writ"  ( legal order) requiring the appearance of the prisoner before the Court to make the challenge.  This right to Habeas Corpus can be suspended in cases of rebellion or acts of war.  Key Concepts that remain to be defined (There are many terms and specific laws and provisions in the Constitution that are not clearly defined by it.  They are subject to constant debate.  We are looking at the major or key Principles and Moral Concepts, not the nuts and bolts of the Law.  We believe the latter should be interpreted and applied according to the former)

The Declaration of Independence, the Preamble and the first ten Amendments to the Constitution (Bill of Rights) list Major Moral Concepts.  These Documents are what shape the current debates about what kind of Country America is or should be.  These concepts must be defined and we want to determine whether they are Christian or Biblical-

Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness; Justice, General Welfare;; Freedom of Religion, speech, the press; the Right to assemble, to petition the Government for a redress of grievances; Due process, Trial by jury, Private property

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