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Who really wrote the Declaration of Independence? PDF Print E-mail
Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 11 November 2011 01:41

 

It is commonly taught that the contents of the Declaration of Independence (as well as the actual writing) came from Jefferson and that its Principles are Deistic and the foundation of American Civil Religion, even to this day.  But this popular concept can and must be challenged.

Within the large group known as the "Founding Fathers", there are two key subsets: the "Signers of the Declaration of Independence" (who signed the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776) and the Framers of the Constitution (who were delegates to the Federal Convention and took part in framing or drafting the proposed Constitution of the United States in 1787).  We are concerned here with the first group of Founders.

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Last Updated on Friday, 11 November 2011 01:42
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Sources of Democracy and Freedom PDF Print E-mail
Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 30 September 2011 08:47

The HistoryWorld website  [htp://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories] offers a good example of a common comprehensive over view of World History and typically its Section for study of the History of Democracy makes no reference to Biblical or Christian sources.  The History it documents is totally secular.

The common view of the origin of Democracy that is taught in our schools is reflected in this excerpt from a Wikipedia article-

"Most of the procedures used by modern democracies are very old.  Almost all cultures have at some time had their new leaders approved, or at least accepted, by the people; and have changed the laws only after consultation with the assembly of the people or their leaders. Such institutions existed since before the Iliad or the Odyssey, and modern democracies are often derived or inspired by them ..."

On the contrary, the Models of Democracy we are looking for are not what ancient Greece or in Imperial or Republican Rome provide.  The major reason why the Greeks and Roman Models do not serve us well is because their experiments in "Democracy" extended only to certain classes and all others were denied their Rights to participate.  Their System of Government was rooted in a belief that people were naturally unequal and that one or a privileged few were competent to govern all others.  Their States easily reverted to complete Totalitarianism

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Principles in the United States Constitution PDF Print E-mail
Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 30 September 2011 08:40

Limited Government: The most fundamental  Principle incorporated in our original Constitution is Limited Government.  It is limited in 4 major ways.   [Note: limited is not the same as "small"] 

l.  Under Law- Government serves God and is accountable to God; it is under both Natural Law that comes from God and the Law of the Nation, its Constitution

II.  Separation of Its Power-
The powers of the Government are enumerated by the Constitution and  separated into 3 separate Branches (Executive, Congressional and Judicial)   Each Branch has its own responsibilities and authority, but they work together as a system of checks and balances. 

III.  Covenant Bound Federal and Supreme Court Judges are by Executive appointment with Congressional approval.  The Executive and Congressional members are subject to the vote of the People.  Government and the People have a contractual relationship in which the former is subject to the latter's approval and requires their consent and the latter is responsible to support the former, especially with taxes. 

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More Principles in Founding Documents PDF Print E-mail
Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 30 September 2011 08:33

Other important legal concepts (personal rights) in the Constitution

Trial by Jury of Peers

Due Process- Government must respect all the rights owed to a person under the Law.  (Progressive interpretation has turned Due Process into "Substantive Due process" which means Judges have the power to define what the legal rights are as they see fit.)

Habeas Corpus- (Latin for "you have the body") The right of every prisoner to challenge the terms of his or her incarceration.  This right protects someone from being arrested and detained in jail without a charge. The person's lawyer can petition the Court for a "writ"  ( legal order) requiring the appearance of the prisoner before the Court to make the challenge.  This right to Habeas Corpus can be suspended in cases of rebellion or acts of war. 

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Secular & Sacred Sources of Constitutional Principles PDF Print E-mail
Written by Calvin Fox   
Friday, 30 September 2011 08:27

Secular Sources from which the Founders drew the Principles that are in the Constitution of 1787  and those that are in The Declaration of Independence, the Preamble and the first ten Amendments to the Constitution (Bill of Rights) - while secular, almost all of these Sources appeal to the Bible or the Teachings of the Church

Liber Ex Lege Moisi  (Book of the Law of Moses) by St. Patrick 432 AD
English Code of Laws by Alfred the Great - late 9th C
Magna Carta (Great Charter) 1215 drafted by Catholic Priest, Stephen Langton
Bible in English by John Wycliffe 1382
Writing of John Calvin 1536 as well as French, Scottish and English Calvnists
Admonition to England by John Knox 1554
Defense of Liberty by Samuel de Puffendorf 1579
Mayflower Compact 1620
Petition of Right 1628
Constitution of Connecticut (first complete)  by Thomas Hooker 1638
Bill of Rights (first) by Rev Nathaniel Ward 1641
Lex Rex by Samuel Rutherford 1644
British Act of 1679
English Bill of Rights 1689
Second Treatise on Civil Government by John Locke 1690
Status of Treason 1695 
The Spirit of Laws by Baron von Montesquieu 1748 (based on Locke)
and The works of  Henry de Bracton, Edward Coke, Thomas de Littleton et al

Sacred Sources from which the Founders drew Principles that are in the Founding Documents

Natural Law

Scripture

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Last Updated on Friday, 30 September 2011 08:27
 
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